Thesis (Ph.D.) - Yale University, 1985.
|Statement||by Judith G. Coffin.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 microfilm reel :|
Get this from a library! The politics of women's work: the Paris garment trades, [Judith G Coffin] -- Few issues attracted more attention in the nineteenth century than the "problem" of women's work, and few industries posed that problem more urgently than the booming garment industry in Paris. Get this from a library! The politics of women's work: the Paris garment trades, [Judith G Coffin]. Olympe de Gouges, a playwright in France before the Revolution, sought to remedy the exclusion of women. In , she wrote and published the "Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Citizen” (in French, “Citoyenne”).The document was modeled after the Assembly’s document, asserting that women, while different from men, also had the capacity of reason and moral decision . In France, the mobilisation of women followed two parallel movements. One of them was volunteer-based and was widely approved, since it called upon qualities of the feminine ideal. The other mobilisation was remunerated and much more suspect, since it entailed an upheaval in traditional sexual roles. Starting in , female mobilisation, subject to suspicion and fatigue, ran out of steam.
If women were given a socially acceptable, safe place to shop, retailers reasoned, they would learn about and buy new products. This led to the creation of an entirely different kind of store. The ideal woman was to be simultaneously curvaceous and slender and in an effort to emulate such a realistic and achievable ideal, women’s clothing was expected to be streamline and form fitting without a single thread out of place. Despite a return to a plumper figure as an ideal sign of prosperity, high fashion took a back seat to the. The women were faced with the challenges of contributing to the war effort and having stable jobs to support it. Women at the time worked as nurses, teachers, clerks, and other occupations. Women were the matrons of the period. Families with farms were taken care of by the women. Fashion in detail After the French Revolution () the need to have a defined class system through dress was abandoned including the style and the fabrics used. Women’s fashion was now altering to become more simple, practical and elegant. As we enter into the 19th Century France was still leading the way on women’s fashions.
During the s, the changing fashion styles were important because they reflected the social changes taking place, especially women’s changing role in society. A more active, involved, equal woman deserved clothing to suit that lifestyle, and the fashion designers of Paris rightly responded. Works Cited. Fitzerald, Zelda. In the early 19th century in America, women had different experiences of life depending on what groups they were part of. A dominant ideology at the beginning of the s was called Republican Motherhood: middle- and upper-class white women were expected to educate the young to be good citizens of the new country. The early s was a time of development and change for all Americans, but women in particular underwent challenges that led to huge changes, . These women embraced the “boy body” with flat chests. Beginning in the early 20th century, women began “working out” at health and beauty clubs, which helped them slim down and achieve the fashionable slender body. Smoking also came into fashion for women during this period, as cigarettes were marketed as an appetite suppressant.